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Unante: The secrets of karate
by John Sells
Published: 2000
Publisher: W.M. Hawley
ISBN: 0-910704-96-1
Abstract | Contents
John Sells has been researching the roots of karate for over 30 years. As a well-known author of historical articles published in martial arts journals and magazines, his intent in this text is to give the lay reader, martial arts student or expert a reference guide to the history and development of this still little-understood art and personal combat form. Unante, 2nd Edition, chronicles this evolving story and includes many additions, up-grades and corrections to the 1st edition. As such it paints the most complete picture yet presented of the legacy and practice of this extraordinary art we call karate. John Sells Sensei holds senior rank of 8th Degree Black Belt and is licensed Shihan (master teacher) of Shito-ryu Karate-do, one of the original styles of Japanese karate. In addition, he holds black belt rank in several other forms of Okinawan and Japanese karate, having continued his training through nearly four decades of practice, teaching (since 1966) and research. Mr. Sells is also a specialist in karate weaponry, commonly known as kobudo, and has his own organization devoted to its study and preservation. Willis M. Hawley (1896-1987) began his collection of reference volumes in the 1920's, emphasizing Chinese and Japanese culture. His library grew to encompass a large number of volumes on Japanese swordsmiths, Shuo Wen dictionaries and old woodblock art volumes, as well as carefully selected volumes on India, Tibet, Mongolia and Eastern religions. In order to facilitate dispersal of selected, difficult-to-find information, monographs, charts and books have been reprinted, compiled and/or produced by Mr. Hawley either solely or in conjunction with other researchers and authors. John Sells' research expertise as evidenced in Unante is a prized addition to Hawley titles. Mr. Hawley's library is currently run by his grand-daughter, Panchita Hawley. All of the titles offered can be ordered direct or through your local or on-line bookstores.
Contents: About the author, Acknowledgments, Foreword, Author's foreword, Introduction, Chapter 1 The early period-an age of legends, Unification of Okinawa under Sho Shin's predecessors, Sho Shin and the rise of "te", Japan turns its attention to the Ryukyus, Satsuma and the subjugation of the Ryukyus, The beginnings of systematized Okinawan martial arts, "Chinese Te": A mature art, Chapter 2 The middle period-The founding fathers, Kogushiku Shinpo to "Tode" Sakugawa, Bushi Matsumura and shurite karate, The Kojo tradition develops in Naha, A new era and new traditions, The rise of Nahate, The Fujian connection: Karate's wellspring, Shurite and the birth of modern karate, Okinawan Te and the close of the 19th century, Early karate lineages, Chapter 3 The inter-war period-Okinawan pioneers in Japan and redefining an art on Okinawa, Tode enters the public school system, Into the public eye, A full determination, Back on Okinawa: The bubishi and Kenkyu-kai, The traveling Okinawans, New styles and a new name, Definition of a "style", A golden age for a now Japanese martial art, Inter-war period karate keizu (Sino-Japanese war through World War II), Chapter 4 Modern karate-A new generation and a new sport, Early attempts at unity, The rise of modern karate organizations-Japan, Modern Japanese karate is firmly established, A closed look at Japanese karate development, Okinawa and the modern development of Ryukyuan karate, The brothers of controversy, Okinawan karate confederations and brand new styles, Once secret family styles open up, So, this is karate, Post World War II karate keizu, Chapter 5 History and development of kata the quintessential element, Classification of kata: Defining style and type-Kata evolution; Kata by styles, Kojo-ryu and Motobu-ryu kata: Real "Okinawa-te"? The principles of kata practice-Bunkai and kakushite; External principles, So, what is kata anyway? Chapter 6 The karatedo Mokuroku no Kata-A kata catalogue, The kata: Kihon (basic), Taikyoku (first causes), Gekisai (demolish), Fukyu (promotional), Pinan 1, 2, 3, 4, 5: "Peacefulness and tranquility" i.e. "peaceful mind" "serenity" or simply "security", Seisan (alternate" Seishan): Literally "13" in Okinawan, form an original Chinese (Fujian) name, Naifanchi (Naihanchin) 1, 2, 3: "sideways fighting" "inside (the "han" or homeland, of the clan) fighting or even "surreptitious steps". Possibly derived form the Chinese "Daipochin", Passai (archaic: Pasai; Japanese: Bassai): "To breach (break) a (rock) fortress", Kusanku (Kushanku; Japanese: Kosokun/Koshokun): From the Chinese attache's name, or title: Kung Shang K'ung, Chinto: "Fighting to the East"? Wankan (Wankuwan or Okan): "King's Crown", Rohai: "Sign of the white heron, Jitte, Jion, Jiin: "Temple hand" (or ten hands), "Temple sound" (or a temple name), "Temple ground" (or simply a complimentary name to Jion), Chinte (archaic: Chinti; also: Chintei): "Extraordinary hands" or "Calmness" (akin to Pinan), Archaic: "Bamboo hand"? Useishi (Gojushiho): "The 54 steps", Wanshu (and empi): From Wanshi (or Wanji), a Chinese ambassador's name, Ananku (Modern Japanese: Annanko): "Southern light", Sanchin (Chinese: Sam Chien): "Three battles" or "Three conflicts" (probably inspired by the original Sanscrit, "Trican": "triple battle"), Tensho: "Rolling hand", Seiunchin (also: Seienchin, or Seinchin): "Calm within the storm" or "The long silent march", Saifa (Saiha): "Tearing" or "Breaking point", Seipai (Seippa): "18", Shisochin: "Four calm monks", Sanseiru: "Thirty-six", Kururunfa: "Come, stay, the waves" or "Forever stops, peacefulness and tearing", Suparinpei (Pechurim): "108" (Name of a white crane "General" or temple guardian deity?), Sochin: "Men (Monks) of peace", Niseishi (Japanese: Nijushihio): "twenty-four steps", Unsu (or Unshu): "Hand in the clouds", Juroku, Akoyagi (or Aoyanagi), Myojo and Shinpa: "16" "Green willow" "Morning star" and "Mind wave". Also: Happosho, Kenshu, Kensho, Hakutsuru (Hakaku), Paiho and Hakucho, Nipaipo and Paipuren: "White creane" and White bird" "28 steps" and "8 steps at a time", Anan, Heiku, Paiku, Ohan, Pachu and Paiho, Others: Jumu, Wando, Seishin, Nuiche, Nichin, Ryufa, Chupei, Ryusan, Tenshin, Kokan, Kensei, Kyoku, Nidanbu, Sanpabu and Sansai, Beyond the Mokuroku, Chapter 7 Okinawan weaponry Kobujutsu-Art within an art, Kobujutsu-The beginnings, Bringing kobujutsu into modern times-Yamani-chinen-ryu bojutsu; Ryukyu kobudo Hozon shinko-kai-Taira shinken kobudo; Matayoshi kobudo (Mateshi Tigua); Ufuchiku-den kobujutsu; Zen Okinawa karate kobudo rengokai, Other kobujutsu traditions, The weapons of koobujutsu, Bo or kon (kun), Sai, Nunti (manji sai), or nuntesu, Tonfa (tuifa, tunkua or ton-qwa): "iron crutch", Kama (sickles), Nunchaku, Eku (also called kai, or ro, in Japanese): "oar", Timbe (tenpe, or tembe), Tekko (Tetsuko), Teachu and abumi, Suruchin, Other weapons: kuwa, jo, hanbo, nitanbo, bisento, chinte etc. Ryuku kobojutsu, Chapter 8 Philosophy and fighting ethical framework and combat strategy, A philosophical foundation, The Matsumura bucho ikko, The structure of karate training, The karate ranking system, Karatedo: An art based on tradition, Okinawan Te fighting theory, Fighting concepts of modern karate, Funakoshi's twenty precepts, Appendix, Appendix A-Karatedo chronology, Appendix B-Glossary of terms, Appendix C-Insignias, All Japan Karatedo Federation (Zen Nihon Karatedo Renmei), Hachiman Symbol-Ryukyu King's Crest, Orthodox Shito-ryu, Shotokan Tiger, Appendix D-Bibliography, Books, Periodicals, Other documents, Appendix E-Table of figures, Index, A note to my readers

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